TElNameConstraintsExtension is a descendant of TElCustomExtension class.
This extension MUST be used only in a CA
certificates. It indicates a name space within which all subject names in
subsequent certificates in a certification path shall be located.
Restrictions may apply to the subject distinguished name or subject
alternative names. Restrictions apply only when the specified name
form is present. If no name of the type is in the certificate, the
certificate is acceptable.
The following paragraph is taken from RFC 2459 (Housley, et. al.), part 22.214.171.124:
« Restrictions are defined in terms of permitted or excluded name subtrees. Any name matching a restriction in the excludedSubtrees field is invalid regardless of information appearing in the permittedSubtrees. This extension MUST be critical.
Within this profile, the minimum and maximum fields are not used with any name forms, thus minimum is always zero, and maximum is always absent.
For URIs, the constraint applies to the host part of the name. The constraint may specify a host or a domain. Examples would be "foo.bar.com"; and ".xyz.com". When the constraint begins with a period, it may be expanded with one or more subdomains. That is, the constraint ".xyz.com" is satisfied by both abc.xyz.com and abc.def.xyz.com. However, the constraint ".xyz.com" is not satisfied by "xyz.com". When the constraint does not begin with a period, it specifies a host.
A name constraint for Internet mail addresses may specify a particular mailbox, all addresses at a particular host, or all mailboxes in a domain. To indicate a particular mailbox, the constraint is the complete mail address. For example, "email@example.com" indicates the root mailbox on the host "xyz.com". To indicate all Internet mail addresses on a particular host, the constraint is specified as the host name. For example, the constraint "xyz.com" is satisfied by any mail address at the host "xyz.com". To specify any address within a domain, the constraint is specified with a leading period (as with URIs). For example, ".xyz.com" indicates all the Internet mail addresses in the domain "xyz.com", but Internet mail addresses on the host "xyz.com".
DNS name restrictions are expressed as foo.bar.com. Any subdomain satisfies the name constraint. For example, www.foo.bar.com would satisfy the constraint but bigfoo.bar.com would not.
Legacy implementations exist where an RFC 822 name is embedded in the subject distinguished name in an attribute of type EmailAddress... When rfc822 names are constrained, but the certificate does not include a subject alternative name, the rfc822 name constraint MUST be applied to the attribute of type EmailAddress in the subject distinguished name.
Restrictions of the form directoryName MUST be applied to the subject field in the certificate and to the subjectAltName extensions of type directoryName. Restrictions of the form x400Address MUST be applied to subjectAltName extensions of type x400Address.
When applying restrictions of the form directoryName, an implementation MUST compare DN attributes... CAs issuing certificates with a restriction of the form directoryName SHOULD NOT rely on implementation of the full ISO DN name comparison algorithm. This implies name restrictions shall be stated identically to the encoding used in the subject field or subjectAltName extension.
For IPv4 addresses, the ipAddress field of generalName MUST contain eight (8) octets, encoded in the style of RFC 1519 (CIDR) to represent an address range.[RFC 1519] For IPv6 addresses, the ipAddress field MUST contain 32 octets similarly encoded. For example, a name constraint for "class C" subnet 10.9.8.0 shall be represented as the octets 0A 09 08 00 FF FF FF 00, representing the CIDR notation 10.9.8.0/255.255.255.0.»